Recent rises of Heart Failure in young adults have doctors concerned. Heart Failure refers to the heart not pumping enough blood for the body’s needs. (Contrary to what people often think, it does not mean your heart has stopped beating.) It is the leading cause of hospitalization for people over 65, but now hospitals are seeing younger patients. 1 in 5 young heart attack patients (50 or younger) is under the age of 40. And those that are hospitalized in their 20s and 30s have the same risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular problems as those who are much older.   
But why is all of this happening? These cases are mainly due to heart abnormalities. These can be birth defects or can develop throughout life due to infections, conditions, or lifestyle behaviors.
There are many different factors causing these cases. Some are factors and behaviors that put young adults at greater risk of Heart Failure. These often lead to heart diseases and health conditions that also increase that risk. However, there are some conditions that are inherited or that patients are simply born with. Let us explore these factors and health conditions that are causing Heart Failure in young adults.
Most of the factors that cause heart failure in young adults are similar to the ones causes heart failure in mature adults. These risk factors and behaviors can lead to cardiovascular problems and increase a person’s risk of heart failure. Thankfully, the opposite is also true. By addressing these factors, you can reduce your risk of heart failure.
The above factors will likely lead to various cardiovascular diseases. Others are birth defects or inherited conditions that people cannot control. But all of the following have played a role in heart failure in young adults. Being aware of the risks factors will help you take steps with your doctor toward a healthier you.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when cholesterol deposits or plaque builds up in the arteries, creating blockages that cause heart attacks and Heart Failure. 
Also called cardiomyopathy, it is a type of progressive heart disease where the heart is abnormally enlarged, thickened, and/or stiffened. Because of that, the heart has a hard time pumping blood. Symptoms include shortness of breath, heart palpitations, swelling of the legs, fatigue, dizziness, blood clots, and chest pain.  
One major type of heart muscle disease is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is a thickened heart muscle, which also thickens the walls of the heart and causes abnormal valve function. It also disrupts the heart’s electrical system. People with a thickened heart muscle often experience chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, fainting, and heart palpitations.  
This is a quivering or irregular heartbeat in the upper chambers of the heart. People often feel a fluttering in the chest. Some have accompanying nausea. Others do not experience many symptoms, so it is important to have regular checkups with your doctor.
This is a condition people are born with that occurs when the coronary arteries are not connected properly. This causes the arteries to become compressed during physical activity and limits proper blood flow to the heart. 
Long QT syndrome is an inherited disorder that causes fast, chaotic heartbeats. It can lead to fainting and seizures and increases the risk of sudden death in young adults. Thankfully, this condition can be diagnosed and treated. If you are experiencing rapid or irregular heartbeats, seek medical help. 
Other common factors can include the inflammation of the heart muscle and abnormalities of heart’s electrical system (known as Brugada syndrome). Many are injury related, especially in athletes. For example, taking a blunt blow to the chest at the wrong time can disrupt the heart’s electrical cycle. This is what is known as commotion cordis, and can cause sudden cardiac death. These occurrences are rare, but young athletes that are at risk of heart failure should use caution, such as eliminating high impact or contact sports. 
As mentioned above, not every factor can be prevented. However, some heart failure can be prevented. Whether preventable or not, there are simple things every young adult can do to be aware of their risk for heart failure and to take actions to lower that risk. Consider the following recommendations:
Heart Failure is increasing in young adults. This is often due to factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, smoking, and substance abuse. These cases can also be attributed to family history and other heart diseases. It is important to be aware of family history, factors, and symptoms in order to reduce your risk of Heart Failure. Many of these cases in young adults are preventable through healthy living or by seeking medical help. Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about Heart Disease, no matter your age.